about study conditions at the University of Zenica in alignment with the Bologna process and ECTS credit system
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  Most important elements of the Bologna process

About the University

Study Programmes

Basic Information for Students

Bologna and ECTS
- Most important elements of the Bologna process
- Basic facts about ECTS
- A short ECTS dictionary
- ECTS documentation applied at UNZE



A short ECTS dictionary

Definitions the term ECTS differ in certain countries. In order to reduce misunderstanding there is a dictionary of ECTS terms with brief explanations that are completely in accordance with definitions used in the Lisbon Convention concerning recognition of qualifications and the Bologna Declaration.

  • ACADEMIC RECOGNITION relating to recognition of subjects (courses), qualifications or diplomas issued by one (local or foreign) institution of higher education and recognized by another institution. Usually this as a base for entering new studies in some other institution (cumulative recognition) or for recognition of advanced studies).
  • ACCESS TO HIGHER EDUCATION relating to the right of qualified candidates to apply for admittance to the next education level. Participating in the programme of higher education makes a difference .
  • ACCREDITATION is procedure by which one higher education institution gains a right from an authorized institution to award and/or recognize certifications and qualifications. This right can be given by the state, the government agency or a local or an international in-stitution of higher education.
  • ADMISSION action or system enabling a qualified candidate to attend studies in desired institutions and.
  • ASSESSMENT relating to procedure of determining quality of institution or programme of higher education (external evaluation done by a competent authority). This notion also relates to assessment of a student’s abilities and skills within a study programme.
  • AWARD a synonym with the term qualification. It indicates a real recognized title of assigned or received qualification.
  • COE - Council of Europe
  • COMPETENT RECOGNITION AUTHORITY an official body, institution or person authorized to pass valid and committing decisions recognizing foreign qualifications.
  • COORDINATOR university coordinator provides for implementation of ECTS principles and mechanisms. She/he is responsible for procedure of academic recognition of courses (subjects) passed in a Partner University and for helping in understanding other documents.
  • COURSE part of a curriculum that is usually independent and evaluated separately. A complete study program normally comprises a few teaching subjects.
  • CREDENTIAL received award, diploma or qualification.
  • CREDIT EVALUATOR a person or commission evaluating recognition of foreign qualification.
  • CREDIT ECTS key element is student’s workload coefficient assuring assessment of his/her study results acquired in scheduled time period and on a particular level. It represents a quantitative proportion of students’ work in their acquiring particular study programmes. Credits are awarded to a student after a successful completion of a certain programme.
  • DIPLOMA – relating to a formally received qualification, certificate or award.
  • DIPLOMA SUPLEMENT detailed description of studies successfully completed by qualification winner including important information about studies nature, level and application.
  • EC, European Commision.
  • ECTS organized as a unique system assuring easier level of recognition and comparison among different education programmes in universities and other education institutions all over the Europe. ECTS application contributes to mobility of students, teaching staff and scientists in the European Higher Education Area. It also assures accumulation and credit transfer, as well as internationally recognized study periods completed abroad.
  • ENIC (European National Information Centre on Academic Recognition and Mobility, Council of Europe/UNESCO).
  • FAIR RECOGNITION principle of recognition saying that recognition procedure should be transparent, coherent and reliable. Rather than searching the right equivalence relating to study correspondences, one should search for acceptability of quality and quantity of studied subjects.
  • FRANCHISE a situation where one institution gives another institution a consent (national or international) to issue an approved programme as long as it keeps the program content under an overall control, by acting, evaluating and quality maintaining.
  • FIELD OF STUDY the main branches or thematic qualification field.
  • HIGHER EDUCATION all types of subjects or programmes, exercises or training for research acted on a higher level than a secondary school research in order to present their higher education system that is recognized by the authorized institutions.
  • HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION recognized public institution providing higher education.
  • INFORMATION PACKAGE a guidebook for programme and study standards on a certain higher education institution providing information about education profiles, subjects (preliminary exams/courses (compulsory and optional) and study system. An information package has to comprise subject content description, ECTS, details on taking an exam system, ways of assessment. It should also comprise information on the institution itself, living conditions (accommodation, insurance, health care) and other activities at the university, faculty and its departments.
  • ISCED (International Standard Classification of Education UNESCO).
  • LEARNING OUTCOMES - specific intellectual and practical skills acquired and tested upon successfully completed unit, subject or a whole study programme.
  • LEVEL position of qualification in a higher education system. Normally, there is a national qualification hierarchy. Number of higher education qualifications varies among countries and /or types of higher education.
  • LEVEL INDICATORS range from any general information on qualification function to completely detailed specific statement on nature, skills and concurring abilities of successfully completed part or a whole qualification.
  • LISBON RECOGNITION CONVENTION relating to the Convention on recognition of higher education qualifications in the European region recognised in Lisbon in April 1997 by the European Council /UNESCO.
  • MODULE a separate and concrete learning segment. It is a part of modular study programme where a curriculum is divided into segments of similar size.
  • NARIC National Academic Recognition Information Centre (European Union and European Economic Area) – Some of NARIC offices are authorized for professional recognition..
  • PARCHMENT an original certificate.
  • PREREQUISITES any prerequisite conditions that have to be fulfilled or specific exams passed before admitting another programme or part of a programme.
  • PROFESSIONAL RECOGNITION relating to the right on work and professional status approved to the qualification winner. In the European Union a recognition for the professional purpose is defined as a legal act through which a competent authority in a country member recognizes a qualification the applicant got in another country member as legally regulated.
  • PROGRAMME OF STUDY set of subjects whose different components complete and build one another in order to provide student a qualification of higher education. The programme also denotes an academic study fields and demands that define a qualification together.
  • QUALIFICATION a higher education qualification: any degree, diploma, title, or another certificate, issued by a competent authority, which denotes a successful completion of higher education programme.
  • QUALITY ASSURANCE relating to inner and outer procedure with which an academic education level is being held.
  • RECOGNITION by a competent authority, a formal value confirmation of a foreign education qualification concerning approach to education and/or employment. Assessment of individual qualifications. Such assessment can be any kind of statement on value of foreign qualification. Recognition relates to a formal statement of a competent recognition authority where a value of considered qualification is being confirmed and consequences for the qualification winner are being denoted. Recognition can also relate to credibility of a higher education institution by another authority.
  • REGULATED PROFESSION relating to professions whose practice has been regulated in a certain way by law or administrative rules. A certain profession can be regulated in one country and not in another one.
  • SUPPLEMENT abbreviation for a notion Diploma Supplement.
  • TRANSCRIPT an official document showing student’s progress and achievement or their study break. A lot of education systems with ECTS system use a detailed transcript of marks showing credits and marks of registered subjects (e.g. ECTS transcription).
  • UNESCO/CEPES United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation/European Higher Education Section
  • UNIVERSITY used as a general notion for any higher education institution.
  • VALIDATION a procedure in which a recognized institution issuing certificates judges a study programme leading to qualification of a certain quality and standard. It can be its own programme or a programme of a dependent institution.